10 ways to ensure food security in the food industry
Food processing companies must take many factors into account in order to guarantee food safety for consumers. By adhering to food safety standards and by respecting regulations, they can prevent epidemics of diseases caused by food-borne bacteria such as salmonella, colibacilli or Capylobacter.
Here are the 10 essential points to check to ensure food safety in your business.
Design and location of premises
The design and location of a food processing plant must be taken into account if a company wishes to comply with all food safety standards. Areas known to be “pest nests” as well as areas prone to pollution should be avoided to reduce the risk of contamination.
The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety states that:
“The size, location and structure of the production sites must be suitable. Buildings must be maintained to reduce the risk of contamination and to allow the production of finished products that are both healthy and legal. “
The materials used for the internal structure must be robust, they must prevent the accumulation of dust, be easy to clean and maintain and present no danger to personnel.
Machinery and model of the production line
The design of the production line must allow easy maintenance and cleaning of the machines and the surroundings and prevent contamination of food and ingredients throughout the production process.
The design model of machines used for food processing must also comply with food safety regulations. Poor design can lead to the accumulation of food in places that are difficult to access and therefore difficult to clean. There are standards for machine design, such as those written by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF), to ensure that food handling and processing is done with great care. hygiene.
Pest control plays an important role in food security. Problem insects like cockroaches or flies can spread foodborne illness by contaminating food at any stage of production. Rodents also transmit diseases, but they can also damage buildings, facilities and machinery. Insects in stored products can damage and contaminate food during transport and storage.
By investing in prevention, detection and control services, businesses can prevent pests from entering a building where food is processed, thereby ensuring that food safety standards are met.
Use suitable containers and place them in suitable waste storage areas. Establish appropriate waste storage and treatment procedures. This prevents waste build-up, pests are less attracted and you reduce the risk of contamination of ingredients, equipment and products.
The BRC Global Stand for Food Safety indicates the measures to be taken in terms of waste storage to comply with food safety rules. In particular, it stipulates that:
“Waste treatment must be carried out in accordance with the laws and in order to prevent accumulation, the risk of contamination and the arrival of pests. “
Establish cleaning and disinfection programs to ensure compliance with hygiene standards and reduce the risk of foodborne outbreaks.
These programs should include thorough cleaning and disinfection of food preparation areas, as well as machines and utensils used during the food processing cycle to effectively kill all microorganisms responsible for food poisoning.
By adopting the right cleaning processes, you reduce the risk of invading pests such as rodents, flies and cockroaches in preparation and processing areas, as any food sources and breeding grounds will be eliminated.
Putting in place proactive maintenance measures for premises and machinery help ensure smooth and smooth operation as well as the production of healthy food.
A Food Safety Magazine article indicates that a number of foodborne outbreaks may be linked to a failure to maintain equipment hygienically. He cites the example of a botulism epidemic that raged in the early 1980s and was caused by a machine used to make cans that malfunctioned.
Pests such as rats and mice can affect the proper functioning of machines, for example by eating away at power cables, or by contaminating components that have direct contact with products.
By installing premises to allow staff to maintain good hygiene at work, companies are taking another step towards compliance with food safety standards.
Bacteria are easily transmitted by biological or physical contamination, and this can create a risk that food carries food-borne illnesses.
Food processing plants regularly use potentially dangerous chemicals for sanitation or pest control. This is why they must be careful to reduce the risk of accidental contamination of the environment throughout the food processing cycle.
Businesses must take all safety precautions to ensure that chemicals stored and used in processing rooms do not contaminate food, at any stage of production.
Handling, storage and transport
In addition to production and preparation, it is necessary to take food safety precautions when handling, storing and transporting, whether receiving products or sending them to customers.
There are many factors to take into account during these stages of the supply chain to ensure that food is not contaminated, including: temperature, humidity, hygiene of vehicles, containers and packaging and even virtual security.
By training staff on how to follow food safety practices, companies reduce the risk of contamination. Laws require that food handlers be supervised and trained in food hygiene practices based on the position they hold.
Employees must in particular be trained:
- hand hygiene;
- good food storage practices;
- good food handling practices;
- cleaning for food safety purposes;
- pest control.
How can Rentokil help you?
Weather disturbances, seasonal changes and other ecological factors which, in some cases, cannot be controlled by humans can cause pest outbreaks. In reality, pests can occur at any stage of the food production and distribution process. They are looking for a route to your ingredients and products and if they are successful, contamination is likely.
Rentokil helps you protect your raw materials, your production and, of course, the finished product against the risks that public health and food safety may pose. With Rentokil, concerns related to pest infestations are under control!